Table of Contents
DOES SCIENCE TRANSCEND CULTURE?
Arthur C. Custance
This is a study of whether
Science DOES transcend Culture naturally -- not whether it
CAN do so.
That Science can be adopted
into any Culture is clear from modern history (as in China today).
That Science did not automatically develop even when a Culture had
reached a high level of technical achievement (as in ancient
China) or intellectual sophistication (as in ancient Greece) is
also clear from history. Evidently Science and Technology are not
the same thing, for none of these high Cultures ever succeeded in
crossing the threshold into an Industrial Revolution. Yet it did
appear (much later in history) in Europe where Technology is not
particularly remarkable, but Philosophy is.
Research has shown that
non-Indo-Europeans are highly inventive and responsible for all
basic Technology, but are quite un-philosophical. While they do
indeed have a philosophy of life, such World Views are not the
same as Philosophy. On the other hand, Indo-Europeans are quite
un-inventive but philosophically inclined. Thus neither Technology
nor Philosophy alone is capable of producing Science. Only
when Philosophy is applied to Technology does Science arise.
To the question, Can Science
transcend Culture, the answer would be unquestionably, Yes. To the
question, Does Science transcend Culture, the answer
apparently is, No. Science can transcend Culture but
apparently it does not by nature do so. It thus appears to
be an activity that is culturally conditioned -- since how we look
at things and how we speak about things is shaped by our world
view and by our language.
This thesis examines
the differences in World Views (which is not the same as
Philosophy) and in Languages (and grammar which seem to
predetermine thought patterns), and in Technology vs Science. By
formulating precisely the relationships between Philosophy,
Technology and Science, and the part which World View and Language
play in these relationships, it is hoped to give some direction to
the content of Education needed to train and equip Scientists and
See also Vol. I of the Doorway Papers Series, Noah's Three Sons
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the
degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Faculty Of
Education, University of Ottawa
filed with UMI (University Microfilms International)
(catalog No. PD0042100001) Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
||First Online Edition
Special thanks to Vincent Piotet who found this thesis very helpful
and urged making it available, and thus scanned the thesis.
Copyright © 1988 Evelyn White. All rights reserved
The Doorway Papers and books by ARTHUR CUSTANCE are
copyrighted and may not be reproduced in any form for
commercial use without prior written permission from Evelyn
White for Doorway Publications c/o Dr. R. Gary Chiang
Doorway Publications Ancaster, ON, L9K 1J4 Canada Telephone:
905-648-8491 E-Mail: [email protected]
Permission is granted to download for personal use and for
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