SCIENCE TRANSCEND CULTURE?
Arthur C. Custance
a study of whether Science DOES transcend Culture naturally
-- not whether it CAN do so.
can be adopted into any Culture is clear from modern history
(as in China today). That Science did not automatically develop
even when a Culture had reached a high level of technical achievement
(as in ancient China) or intellectual sophistication (as in ancient
Greece) is also clear from history. Evidently Science and Technology
are not the same thing, for none of these high Cultures ever
succeeded in crossing the threshold into an Industrial Revolution.
Yet it did appear (much later in history) in Europe where Technology
is not particularly remarkable, but Philosophy is.
has shown that non-Indo-Europeans are highly inventive and responsible
for all basic Technology, but are quite un-philosophical. While
they do indeed have a philosophy of life, such World Views are
not the same as Philosophy. On the other hand, Indo-Europeans
are quite un-inventive but philosophically inclined. Thus neither
Technology nor Philosophy alone is capable of producing
Science. Only when Philosophy is applied to Technology does Science
To the question,
Can Science transcend Culture, the answer would be unquestionably,
Yes. To the question, Does Science transcend Culture,
the answer apparently is, No. Science can transcend Culture
but apparently it does not by nature do so. It thus appears
to be an activity that is culturally conditioned -- since how
we look at things and how we speak about things is shaped by
our world view and by our language.
thesis examines the differences in World Views (which is not
the same as Philosophy) and in Languages (and grammar which seem
to predetermine thought patterns), and in Technology vs Science.
By formulating precisely the relationships between Philosophy,
Technology and Science, and the part which World View and Language
play in these relationships, it is hoped to give some direction
to the content of Education needed to train and equip Scientists
See also Vol. I of the Doorway Papers Series,
Noah's Three Sons
TABLE OF CONTENTS
||Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Faculty Of Education, University
||filed with UMI (University Microfilms International) Dissertation
(catalog No. PD0042100001) Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
||First Online Edition
Special thanks to Vincent Piotet who found this thesis very
helpful and urged making it available, and thus scanned the thesis.
Copyright © 1988 Evelyn White. All rights
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