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Table of Contents



  Chapter  1
  Chapter  2
  Chapter  3
  Chapter  4
  Chapter  5
  Chapter  6

  Appendix I
  Appendix II
  Appendix III
  Appendix IV
  Appendix V
  Appendix VI
  Appendix VII
  Appendix VIII
  Appendix IX
  Appendix X
  Appendix XI
  Appendix XII
  Appendix XIII
  Appendix XIV
  Appendix XV
  Appendix XVI
  Appendix XVII
  Appendix XVIII
  Appendix XIX
  Appendix XX
  Appendix XXI

  Biblical References

General Bibliography






(Reference: p.49)


The Expression of “Continuation” of State or Action by

a Compounded Use of Hayah.



This construction is used to indicate "continuous habit", "incipient

action", or "the continuation of a state". It points up very clearly

the sense in which the verb  is a verb of action - not merely of

state, since even when it is used of a state it is given the rather

special meaning of a deliberate continuation in that state.

In order to make the original verbal forms identifiable, the verb

   is written in capitals and the following participle of the assoc-

iated verb in italics. For example, when followed by a participles

Gen. 4.17:    "Cain WAS (occupied) in building...."

Exod. 3.1:    "Moses WAS shepherding the flocks...."

Josh. 10.26:  "They WERE hanging upon the trees till evening".

I Sam. 2.11:  "The child WAS ministering unto the Lord".

I Sam. 18.9:  "Saul WAS eyeing David from that day forward".

I Ki. 5.1:     "For Hiram WAS always loving towards David".

I Ki. 13.24:   "His carcass WAS lying cast in the way".

I Ki. 22.35:   " The king WAS propping himself up in his chariot".

Ezra 4.4:    "The people of the land WERE weakening...."

Neh. 1.4:     "And I WAS fasting...."

Neh. 13.26:   "And he WAS indeed being loved of his God".

As we have noted in connection with the use of  in the Book

of Job, the same basic construction is understood, but for dramatic

effect the verb   is deliberately omitted.   Thus in Job 1.16-18

the verb is missing at three places: (were) speaking, and (were) yet

speaking (twice).   See also:


pg 1 of 2      

Job 14.17:    "(is) being sealed up"

Job 18.10:    "(is) being laid"

Job 20.26:    "(shall be) being hidden"

Job 36.8:     "If they (are) being bound"

And followed by an infinitive:

Gen. 15.12:   "and the sun WAS about to go down".

Josh. 2.5:    "and the gate WAS about to be shut".

II Chron. 26.5: "And he WAS about to be seeking (ie., be-

 gan to seek) God...."

Isa. 5.5:     "It SHALL BE (ie., come to be) eaten up".




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Copyright © 1988 Evelyn White. All rights reserved  


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